A Page Turner

Yennie Dee Brecheisen

The first few chapters can make or break most books. If they don’t succeed in peeking your interest, you may never come to find how the story ends. It has been in the works for some time, getting our latest two chapters up in running in Seattle and Nashville. Delicate clippings that were each very carefuslly rooted in their new towns. Our budding organization is building upon a rich history and we want to turn the pages, chapter by chapter, taking all of you with us!

The Handsome Ladies Seattle Chapter

Join in every 3rd Monday at Al's Tavern.

Seattle
Before I could think about starting a new chapter, I knew I needed to get to know my new community. I wanted to see where this new chapter might fit in. Was the need there? As it turned out, there was a definite need and with the help and support of some of my new picking buddies, we found a local bar that was really enthusiastic about the idea of a monthly ladies jam. Jackpot! We just hosted our second ladies jam last week and like the first, it was a total success.  My immediate concern was attendance, but it was packed.  There have been new faces at every jam and tons of positive feedback.  Thanks for letting us in Seattle!  
— Gina Astesana

The Handsome Ladies Nashville Chapter

Message for details!

Nashville
I knew I wanted to start up a Nashville Handsome Ladies chapter since the moment I got to town. At the same time, I wanted it to develop organically, and adapt to the local Nashville flavor.  I started frequenting other local jams, like the American Legion jam in East Nashville, Bluegrass shows at the Station Inn, and music camps like Megan Lynch’s Bluegrass Banjo camp, to integrate myself into the community. I wasn’t shy about mentioning the Handsome Ladies but wanted to be respectful too and let the interest develop on its own. In time I had a few new pickin’ girlfriends who were expressing interest in co-hosting Handsome Ladies Jams with me. I reached out to a few local teachers like Megan Lynch, Clelia Stefanini, Eric Frey, Sandy Conaster, and Bethany Olds, who graciously helped spread the word of our first jam, which happened in July to great success. Our next jam is coming up next week, August 29th. I’m thrilled to see such a positive reception from locals here and look forward to seeing our local presence grow.
— Michelle Haft

Not to fear, The Handsome Ladies in the Bay Area is still thriving with a 3rd Monday monthly jam at our favorite local bluegrass haunt, Amnesia, which turned two last May, and a more intimate private jam in Berkeley. 

Packed House Jam in Berkeley

Join in every 2nd Tuesday.

Berkeley

As we spread the mission of The Handsome Ladies with these new chapters, we are humbled by the dedication of everyone to hone their bluegrass skills, thankful for our welcoming communities, and empowered to keep growing to serve all the women pickers out there while participating in the broader bluegrass community as a whole. 

While I’m on the topic of serving the greater bluegrass community, I’d like to take a moment to let you know that both Jessica Furui and I are running for the board of the California Bluegrass Association! While Jessica is a current board member, doing fabulous work, this is my inaugural run and I hope to join the ranks of this long standing organization. I encourage all of our California locals to:

  1.  Consider becoming a CBA member, if you are not already - join here
  2.  Read the candidate statements of those running for the board
  3.  Last but not least, participate by casting your VOTE!

Let's Pick! 

Bluegrass Harmony: The Final Frontier

By Jessica Furui

This past Father’s Day Bluegrass Festival was the first time I successfully sang a decent tenor to anything. And wow! Keith Little was right when he said “it's the most fun you can have with someone with your clothes on.” This past festival was my fifth year and to be quite honest I thought being able to get the tenor would be much easier than it was. But considering it took me a few years to actually sing the right note, sing on pitch, sing songs that were good for me, etc...I guess I shouldn't be surprised. Oh my darling best friend Gina, oh how she kindly tolerated me.

It's the most fun you can have with someone with your clothes on.

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I’ve had excellent times singing lead with others singing tenor or baritone parts. When its on, the buzz appears...the vibes between you and them. But that buzz feels totally different when you’re doing the tenor part. Though it’s kind of hard to explain. The incredible thing is that if you get off it for just a split second the buzz goes away but will quickly return when the notes are right once more. It is definitely one of the most incredible feelings I’ve been humble enough to experience in my thirty-some-odd years on this planet. It’s no wonder I see my friends and heroes smiling at each one another as they sing. It's so much fun! And it’s definitely no wonder that people like myself can get goose bumps, chills or even shed a lonesome tear when the harmonies cut like that. 
 
It’s been a rough road for me though. Being in jams, especially the more intimate ones with close friends. Someone calls a song and the race is on to see who calls the tenor, then perhaps the baritone. The song is sung and I’m there listening with great pleasure, yet there is a deep longing in my heart to be one of those harmony parts. Like when you’re at the school dance and you know you can (kind of) dance but you’re a little shy and goofy, and alas, you’re there at the edge of the room watching everyone else dance, laugh and smile. Ugh. I’m having a good time, really I am. But the longing of being able to sing together like that is deep and wide as the Mississippi herself.
 
Here I am, five years into the bluegrass life and I’m starting to crack the code of harmony. Everyone I’ve ever asked has basically given me the same answer: listen to the music. And listen I do! But I’m also a visual learner so I felt like I needed some kind of reference and never could find one. The whole “third above,” “fifth below,” or whatever-it-is business never made any sense to me anyway. I realized - finally - that I was trying to find that part too high above the lead. 

If there is one thing I’ve learned in my trials and tribulations it's that if you want to try and sing the tenor part you’ve got to know the lead, by George! Facial expressions are hilariously telling non-verbal communications to you that you are either totally nailing the harmony or completely not-nailing the harmony. Makes me laugh when I think of the times I’ve tried to sing a harmony part and the corner of the other singers mouth crinkles up a little bit, or their eyes wince, or perhaps they’ve even gone so far as to slightly back away from my enthusiastic attempt. On the flip side, as a wobbly lead singer it can be very difficult to stay on the lead or even sing the song if the harmony singer doesn't a) know the words; b) sings a different version; or c) isn't hitting the right harmony note. There are so many things happening! Playing an instrument is one thing. Adding vocals, a whole other thing. Then try to sing with others!! Wow. Try to do all that well and you're onto something.
 
But, oh, the feeling when you see the singer’s eyes light up. Their smile beams brighter, they slightly lean in closer. That is what its all about, people. That is what we’re talking about! The buzz does its thing and both people seem to float a little above the ground for a moment in time. One of my favorite moments from this past Father’s Day Fest was when dear Gina and I stole away for a few hours to play some songs together. She called I’m Just Here to Get My Baby Out of Jail, a song that I call myself and in the same key. So it came time and I sang with her and I sang the right part. She started smiling so much that she could barely sing the song any more. And if I remember correctly we both started laughing that we had to stop the song. The look on her face was of the surprised proud parent/thank-the-good-lord-this-is-finally-happening look – it was awesome.

Here are a few tips that I've picked up in my quest to find the Final Frontier. Mind you I have not yet conquered, just paid a quick visit. But these are some tidbits I've pick up along the way.

  • Know the song first. If you kind of know the harmony part, it's quite alright for you to go over it a bit with the lead before the song starts. This is somewhat dependent on the situation, of course. But if you don't know the song or the part, it might be best to let someone else do it. 
  • Make eye contact with the lead and follow their phrasing. If they are doing a different version than you're used to perhaps wait to become acquainted with their version before launching into the harmony part.
  •  In jam settings, have people call the harmony parts rather than several people singing together. The folks singing together will have a better chance to hear themselves in order to put their best effort forward. 
  • Take heed to the nonverbal communication going on and listen to yourself. That said don't give up and have fun!

Here’s to more singin’! Thanks for reading. I'll leave you with some of my favorite songs:

Festival Magic

 By J. Rose

 

It was August 2016. I had recently moved to the Pacific Northwest and was making my way to all of the Bluegrass festivals that I could. Being the new girl in the scene was proving to be harder than I thought.  Back home, in California, I knew everyone or at least knew their faces. Bluegrass festivals were like reunions. Festival friendships would pick right back up where they had left off the year before. I knew who I wanted to pick with and where to find them. I expected that finding my place in this new community would take a while and most days, I was up for the task, but I couldn’t help but feel homesick.   

Like an angel in a Stetson, my best friend had flown in for the weekend and we were on our way to the Mount St. Helens Bluegrass Festival in Toledo, Washington. Two of our favorite California bands were scheduled to perform, so the whole place was peppered with familiar faces. I welcomed the comfort of my long lost community and settled into the sunny weekend at the local fairgrounds. One lovely festival afternoon, I heard that one of my new friends had been looking for me. “Did Jay find you?” someone asked. I had met Jay at our camp the day before.  He had been showing off a picture of his sailboat to my fellow campers and introduced himself.  He was an older fella with white hair and a kind smile. Jay walked with a cane and a limp, and not a single thought about why he should slow down. He and I hit it off immediately. I wondered what his inquiry could have been about.

Later on, that day, as the sun was shining sideways and the pine trees cast their lengthened shadows, I spotted Jay and asked him why he had been looking for me. “Gina!” he exclaimed as he hurried over. “Did you meet the young lady?” “Which young lady?” I asked wondering who he might be referring to. “Anna” he replied without hesitating. “She lives in Seattle and I told her that you guys need to meet.”  During our conversation the day before, Jay had learned that I was new to Seattle and being the thoughtful and smart man that he was, knew that Anna and I needed to meet. “What does she look like,” I asked, not having any idea who he was talking about. He described her hair color, shirt color, and even added that she was wearing cowboy boots and carrying a fiddle. “Hmm,” I said, “I haven’t seen her, but I’ll keep my eye out for her. Jay was not ready to give up. He began leading me through the different camps as he dodged the fallen pine cones and added to the story of how he had met Anna and where he thought she might be. 

After about ten minutes, I started to feel a little bad that poor Jay was walking all over the place for me and assured him that I would keep my eyes out for her. Just then, Jay flagged down a passing golf cart. The driver pulled over with a smile and we all introduced ourselves. Before I knew it, Jay was sitting in the front seat holding his cane in his lap, I was in the back seat and just like that, we were all on the mission together. Jay described Anna’s outfit and hair color to his friend and directed our route, gesturing with the top of his cane. The two of them made small talk as we scooted around the festival. I’m pretty sure we could have walked faster than the cart was moving, but our new friend explained that “he didn’t want no one falling out now.” I laughed out loud, but cut it short when I realized he was serious. Everyone that we passed waved and smiled and for a moment, I felt a little less lost. It was a perfect summer night.

We had made our way to the main stage where the golf cart was no longer permitted. Still feeling the need to let Jay off the hook, I quickly assured him that I would find her, but he wouldn’t have it. I fanatically thanked my new friend for the ride before he drove away into the sunset. Jay and I stood on the outskirts of the lawn and scanned the crowd for Anna. There in a clearing between two tall pine trees, across the crowd, I spotted a young gal with blonde hair and a green shirt standing by herself.  “Is that her Jay!?” I exclaimed squeezing his forearm. He looked in the direction that I was pointing and after a couple of seconds, said: “that’s her alright” and took off.  We both walked up to the cowboy boot wearin’ fiddle player with intention. Anna, a bit surprised by the sudden company, held out her hand and smiled as Jay introduced us.  Before we finished our introductions, Jay had already begun to make his way back through the crowd of people.  Apparently, he knew that was all we needed. I paused and yelled after him, “Thank you, Jay!”

Anna and I found a place to sit in the grass and began to chat while the rest of the crowd watched the band that was on stage. We both shared the short version of our current stories and talked about how we had come to be bluegrassers. Anna had already heard about The Handsome Ladies and I elaborated with excitement. Then, with equal excitement,  she began to explain how she and some other Seattle ladies had decided to start a ladies only jam. The first one had happened just a couple of weeks earlier... and just like that, in the setting sun of a Toledo August night, I had found my new community. 

Music Camps: Pitfalls, Highlights, and Everything in Between

By Michelle Haft

Music camps are by nature a gamble: you have upwards of 10-20 students in a class each at different playing levels, with their own competing musical priorities and all fighting to divert the teacher’s attention to their topics of choice. Unless the teacher brings in a very structured lesson plan— they don’t always do—they are looking to the students to help guide them. It can be a recipe for disaster. But it can also be incredible: when the chemistry in the classroom is great, the teacher is reading the room perfectly, and you can feel yourself and the people around you becoming better players in real-time. Or when you're exhausted from the late-night jamming the night before but at the same time high on adrenaline from the new lick you finally were able to pull off after years of trying. Some of my best periods of growth were immediately following a music camp experience.

One thing that makes camps such a wonderful opportunity is the access to such a wide variety of talented teachers, together in the same place at one moment in time. The purpose of camps is broad exposure—from the many different playing styles of the teachers, to lightly touching on many different topics during class time—that each help you identify where you have room to grow. Once you get home from camp you can dive more deeply into specific topics, ideally in private lessons with a teacher.  But during camp, its all about the high energy, the variety, the packed schedule and lots and lots of playing time. 

Having been to a handful of camps now, I've learned some things about how to come in better-prepared, steer clear of common pitfalls and maximize the experience. I'll give you an example of a less successful camp experience. A few years ago at a small one-day music camp I learned all about a topic I cared little about: nail maintenance. I was in the clawhammer banjo workshop in one of those small, bungalow-style classrooms with low ceilings and a steady hum of fluorescent lighting overhead. About seven or so students gathered around the teacher, a fantastic clawhammer banjo player, listening intently as he introduced the song we would be learning. But when a student raised their hand and asked a question about how to maintain healthy nails for playing, we spiraled into a 20 minute conversation about protein nail polish, nail-cutting, and cuticle health. It wasn’t until about 40 minutes into our 1-hour workshop that we actually started playing the song.

I confess, I was frustrated by the end of the lesson. I felt we had squandered an opportunity to learn something of greater substance from this wonderful player during this limited hour. But after some time I realized I had in fact learned an incredibly valuable lesson— that music camps (and playing in general) takes patience, empathy, and a willingness to speak up when necessary. Ultimately, the vast majority of my music camp experiences have been incredible. Below are a few tips I'd like to share to help any of you that are considering investing in a music camp experience in the near future, in hopes that you'll find the experience as valuable as I have. 

Elevating the class beyond the lowest common denominator

In any music camp classroom, even ones where levels are clearly defined, you’re always going to have a mix of more beginner and more advanced players. There's a natural tendency for the teacher to lower the level of the class to the most beginner person in the room so they don’t feel left behind. This can be frustrating for the more advanced players, but there are healthy ways to elevate the lesson, and the first is to speak up. If the teacher doesn’t know how you’re feeling they won’t be able to react to what you need. But you need to do it respectfully and remember you're one of many—don't interrupt class in the moment or show your frustration—wait till there’s a pause or lull in the lesson and express that you would like to move onto new topic. You can also pull your instructor aside during the next break and privately let him or her know how you feel so they can be more mindful of the larger students' abilities.

At the same time, its important to be patient in those moments and remember that you were once the beginner too. In fact, you may not realize that the majority of others in the room are enjoying lingering on a certain topic, and you are in fact the minority. Tread lightly and respectfully, but express your needs. 

If you happen to be that beginner in the class, try to be respectful of others time and let the lesson flow at its natural speed, even if it feels like you're not picking up on everything. Though you may not leave each lesson with a full understanding of every single concept, you will most certainly come away with at least a few new pearls of wisdom. That’s what matters most. If you learn even one new thing you didn't know already, consider yourself one step closer to bluegrass greatness.

Temper you expectations

Music camps are by nature overwhelming and exhausting. What's more is your brain has a limited capacity for taking in new information. And yet during camp you’re being bombarded with new information for days-on-end. Remember to write things down—make a list of concepts you want to explore further, a list of songs from your jams and classes that will enable you to focus on those concepts, and record as much of the lesson as possible (just make sure to ask your instructor first if it's ok!). You’re much more likely to recall what you learned when you’re ready to practice again if you have an artifact to remind you. It helps to practice in between classes during camp and review what you learned so you can start to build muscle memory for when you come back to it later. 

Lastly, don't expect to come home immediately playing better. You'll need some time for the experience to marinate, to let all the learnings sink in. In fact, I often feel like an even worse player right after camp. But that's a false perception colored by your newly expanded field of bluegrass awareness and the fact that you've just exposed all the opportunities for personal improvement. Seize them! In the next few weeks, and with steady practice, you’ll surely feel the growth—how it's just a little bit easier to pull of that difficult lick, how much faster if was to pick up that new song. 

A bluegrass smörgåsbord

As mentioned, one thing that makes camps such a wonderful opportunity is the access to such a wide variety of talented teachers, together in the same place at the same time. My advice: don't bind yourself to one instructor during camp. Though you might be signed up to a specific group (i.e. intermediate banjo), which usually means a few days with the same teacher, try out the other instructors at every opportunity during electives! You may love one instructor's playing style, but find another's teaching style a much better fit to your style of learning. You'll benefit more from jumping around to different classes when you can, and see which teachers you gel with best. This is also a great way to find new private lesson instructors for once camp is over. 

Sleep is for Sunday

Camp isn’t just about class-time only, it’s also about rubbing elbows with some of the best musicians in the business and meeting like-minded individuals who could be future playing parters. So don’t be shy during camp, get out there and be friendly with your classmates. Take full advantage of the late night jams and playing with your peers in between class time—it's just as important as the structured lessons. It's a chance for you to practice what you learned and build muscle memory for new skills. Just remember, you can catch up on sleep on Sunday night after camp is over.

Getting friendly with your instructor is a different situation, you have to tread lightly and respect their time. Remember, while camp is all fun for you, its still work for them. The best way to get friendly with your instructors is during appropriate down-time: ask questions during breaks, chat with them after class or during elective jams. Be yourself, and be genuine. Don't take it personally if they need to leave to prepare for their next class or steal some precious down time. Also, a great way to show your support and affection is by buying their swag and albums.

 

 

To sum it up, there is so much to be gained from music camps if you come into it with the right mindset and tools. Being out of your element and totally immersed in the bluegrass community for days at a time is such a rewarding experience that is so worth the investment. Despite a few camp hiccups along the way, like the time our tent almost blew away during a gnarly storm at Walker Creek Music Camp, I've come to appreciate all things music camps have to offer. I hope each of you takes the plunge and tries a music camp in your playing future. You won't regret it. Happy camping!

 

Teachers, Friends

by Yennie Dee Brecheisen

For my very first banjo lesson, about 4 years ago, I was lucky enough to have found Bill Evans. I didn't know much about bluegrass, knew even fewer people who played traditional bluegrass, but I was told that the best bluegrass banjo teacher lived in the East Bay when I went looking for a Scruggs style teacher.

Part of my homework was to write out three lists; things I know, things I'm currently working on, and, finally, my goals. (I sure thought I knew a lot more than I did). I often look back at these list, to remember how far I've come, to make myself feel better when I think I haven't progressed at all lately, and to remind myself of the journey as a whole - all the time, people, places, and teachers.

    By far, the best of the lists is #3:

    My Goals:

    • Understand the theory of the instrument
      ( still working on this, probably will be forever)
       
    • Play with friends/jam
      (I've made so many friends through bluegrass, my bluegrass family)

    • I want to have a great hobby
      (bluegrass saves!)

    • I want to be able to play without a TAB book & improvise in 6 months
      (this took a lot longer, by the way)

    • It would be fun to eventually play with people at open mic nights like at bluegrass Mondays at Amnesia
      (BINGO! I didn't know that I'd be part of a non-profit, leading a women's only jam at Amnesia, or perform on bluegrass Monday, either!)

    • I think it's cool to be a banjo player
      (duh!)

    My first public gig was at a tattoo shop - I was so nervous and shaky. Gigging was not on the list!

    My first public gig was at a tattoo shop - I was so nervous and shaky. Gigging was not on the list!

    I'd say that I've hit almost all of my goals, making new goals along the way.

    Bill always said that the best way to learn is to get out there and play with people. I'm sure the mechanics of any instrument are one of the most difficult hurdles in learning, but as soon as you can throw yourself out there, get out and play with people. This Bill Evans guy sure has got it right.

    I've had a few teachers that are professional musicians, and without their guidance and expertise, my technique, timing, and desire to not sound sloppy would not be what it is today, but I've also learned so much from friends, just playing with people and putting it all into practice. We don't learn music by sitting at home alone, playing to the walls.

    Playing with people and creating a space for beginners to feel comfortable testing out their wobbly legs is what I really enjoy about what we are doing here at the Handsome Ladies. Without the women that I've met and started jamming with not so long ago, I wouldn't have gained the confidence to go out and play with other new people, who are now my friends, and more importantly - new teachers.

    I can't teach anyone to play banjo, but I can share my time and energy in creating music with beginner musicians and professional musicians, here in the great community of bluegrass. We all teach each other, like they did in the old days, sitting around pickin'.

    So, what are your goals, and what is your biggest accomplishment so far? That tricky lick? a new bow pattern? a super cool G-run? Write out your lists: Things you know, things you are currently working on, and your goals. Save it, look back at it, but more importantly get out there and pick with your friends, be a student, be a teacher.

    list

    I sure had one thing right all along - it is cool to be a banjo player. 

    (  )====’==::

     

    The Women Who Paved the Way

    By Michelle Haft & Niki Savage

     

    When bluegrass fan think of Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys, what comes to mind immediately is a long procession of wildly talented musicians that passed through that band: Bill Monroe himself, Early Scruggs, Lester Flatt, Jimmy Martin, Mac Wiseman, Bill Keith, Peter Rowan, even Carter Stanley for a short period of time. But one Blue Grass Boy who rarely gets mention is in fact not a boy at all, but rather, a woman by the name of Sally Ann Forrester, who played accordion and sang with Bill Monroe's Blue Grass Boys from 1943 to 1946. She is considered to be "the first woman in bluegrass.” 

    This month marks Women’s History Month, a time to celebrate the overwhelming contribution of many-a-great women in history, and Bluegrass history is not to be excluded. We thought it fitting to take a moment to celebrate a few of our own incredible, musical women who boldly challenged the cultural norms of their time to pursue their love of Bluegrass and country music. Their struggles and triumphs helped paved the way for women like us today, inspiring us to pursue our own passions for this wonderful music. 

     
     

     

    Sally Ann Forrester

    (source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sally_Ann_Forrester)

    Source: http://jeffjetton.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/sallyann.jpg

    Source: http://jeffjetton.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/sallyann.jpg

    The first woman in bluegrass, Sally Ann Forrester was born Goldie Sue Wilene Russell in Raton, New Mexico. Her grandfather, a fiddler, introduced her to music and performing. By the sixth grade, she was playing piano, classical violin, and guitar, and at the age of fifteen she adopted the name "Billie". In 1939, at the age of seventeen, she won a spot on a radio show in Tulsa, OK, playing guitar and singing. There, she met, began dating, and soon married a seventeen year-old Texan fiddler Howard "Howdy" Forrester. In the winter of 1942, after moving to Nashville, the Forresters began performing with Bill Monroe and his Blue Grass Boys. In spring 1943, Howdy left for the Navy, and "Sally Ann", as Billie was now called by Monroe, continued singing and playing the accordion, as well as keeping the books, for the Blue Grass Boys. She was a band member, along with Lester Flatt, when banjo player Earl Scruggs joined in late 1945, marking a turning point in Bluegrass and establishing the signature sound of the genre. The Forresters stayed with Monroe through the end of March, 1946, when they moved back to Howdy's home in Texas.

     
     

     

    Hazel Dickens

    (source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazel_Dickens)

    Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a8/Hazel_Dickens.jpg/220px-Hazel_Dickens.jpg

    Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a8/Hazel_Dickens.jpg/220px-Hazel_Dickens.jpg

    There’s no denying the voice of Hazel Dickens when you hear it: raw, powerful, and piercing. Dickens is an American bluegrass singer, songwriter, double bassist and guitarist, and an icon of Bluegrass history. Her music was characterized not only by her high, lonesome singing style, but also by her provocative pro-union, feminist songs. Cultural blogger John Pietaro wrote that "Dickens didn’t just sing the anthems of labor, she lived them and her place on many a picket line, staring down gunfire and goon squads, embedded her into the cause." The New York Times extolled her as "a clarion-voiced advocate for coal miners and working people and a pioneer among women in bluegrass music." With Alice Gerrard, Dickens was one of the first women to record a bluegrass album. 

     
     

     

    Sara and Maybelle Carter

    (source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carter_Family)

    Source: http://www.onecountry.com/sara-and-maybelle-carter-country-musics-most-influential-women-1648011021.html

    Source: http://www.onecountry.com/sara-and-maybelle-carter-country-musics-most-influential-women-1648011021.html

    As part of the legendary traditional American folk music group, The Carter Family, Sara and Maybelle’s contributions to music had a profound impact on bluegrass, country, Southern Gospel, pop and rock musicians as well as on the U.S. folk revival of the 1960s. They were the first vocal group to become country music stars. The original group consisted of Alvin Pleasant "A.P." Delaney Carter (1891–1960), his wife Sara Dougherty Carter (1898–1979), and his sister-in-law Maybelle Addington Carter (1909–1978). Maybelle was married to A.P.'s brother Ezra Carter, and was also Sara's first cousin. All three were born and raised in southwestern Virginia, where they were immersed in the tight harmonies of mountain gospel music and shape note singing. Throughout the group's career, Sara Carter sang lead vocals; Maybelle sang harmony and accompanied the group instrumentally; "Mother" Maybelle's distinctive guitar playing style, known as the "Carter scratch,” became a hallmark of the group, and was widely emulated by other musicians in her time. 

     
     

     

    Alice Gerrard

    (source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Gerrard)

    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_0bMYj7okM

    Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_0bMYj7okM

    Alice Gerrard (born July 8, 1934) is an American bluegrass singer, banjoist, and guitar player. She performed in a duo with Hazel Dickens and as part of The Back Creek Buddies with Matokie Slaughter. Her albums with Hazel are considered among the most influential recordings in folk music history. Gerrard was born Seattle, Washington and attended Antioch College in Ohio, where she was first exposed to folk music. After college, she moved to Washington, D.C. and became part of the thriving bluegrass scene there. Gerrard had four children with her (late) first husband and she was later married to Mike Seeger and recorded two albums with him. Gerard was a ecclectic song writer, and know for her strong, authentic vocals. Her work as a multi-instrumentalist was remarkable, playing instruments including banjo, guitar and fiddle. A number of honors have been dedicated to this amazing folk singer. She was also a editor-in-chief of The Old Time Herald from 1987 to 2000.

     
     

     

    There are so many more women deserving of mention but we simply can’t cover them all in a single blog post. If you want to learn more about influential women in the genre of Bluegrass music, we recommended a great book titled “Pretty Good for a Girl: Women in Bluegrass (Music in American Life)” by Murphy Hicks Henry, which documents the lives of more than seventy women whose vibrant contributions to the development of bluegrass have been, for the most part, overlooked.

    Also, In continuing the celebration of Women's History Month, we are incredibly excited to be presenting our first ever Handsome Ladies showcase featuring two incredibly talented Bay Area-based bands: The Hossetts and Paper Wings. While the Handsome Ladies is mostly associated with hosting jams, we have been busy having conversations about how we can promote and support women in traditional music beyond just jamming. This showcase is part of a cultural shift we're hoping to create, where women performing in bands aren't simply a novelty, but the norm.

    We are incredibly fortunate to feel the love and support from our local community, and are grateful to be traveling a path laid by local greats like Kathy Kallick and Laurie Lewis, and the many women throughout Bluegrass history mentioned above. We're very excited to be presenting this show, and hope to see you there!

    Bluegrass Pride

    By Tonya Newstetter

    The rainy days of January have continued into February, and as I look out the window onto the misty hills of Oakland, I am more grateful than ever for the bluegrass community. Here in the Bay Area, our days are filled with news of protests, frustration, and hurt at the recent and ongoing political events. I turn to bluegrass, as many of you do, to remind myself of the love and creativity that is humanity at its best.

    Those good feelings were out in full force at The Great 48, a 48-hour jam/concert/workshop that takes place every year at a hotel in Bakersfield. Pickers from all over the state descended on a big, 9-floor Marriott, booking up every room and filling the hotel with bright harmonies, thumping bass, and twangy banjo. Every floor held something slightly different, and jammers of all levels found a home in a hallway, someone's hotel room, a stairwell, or the lobby. I was lucky enough to catch a seat and hear The Hossettes and The Central Valley Boys, who both performed late on a Saturday night in a jam-packed meeting room. Everyone in that hotel had a common goal: pick.all.weekend. After a gloomy January, it felt wonderful to come together with my bluegrass brothers and sisters and rejoice in the art and craft of bluegrass music.

    "building a strong bluegrass community takes work"

    But bluegrass music isn't just picking and singing. Building a strong bluegrass community takes work, which I witnessed at a very special California Bluegrass Association (CBA) Board of Directors Meeting held that weekend at the hotel. In addition to usual business of amending bylaws and reviewing strategy, the board (which includes our very own, very handsome Jessica Furui) heard a proposal from Bay Area CBA Rep Ted Kuster to organize a CBA float for San Francisco Pride Parade.

    In a stand of solidarity with the IBMA's stated value of diversity & inclusiveness, the board voted to approve the proposal, and this June, we will proudly open our bluegrass community to the more than one million attendees at the Pride Parade! If you would like to volunteer your time, or (better yet!) make a donation to the CBA in support of these efforts, please contact Tonya Newstetter - tonya.newstetter@gmail.com.

    To me, this was a reminder that engaging deeply with your community can bring surprises and joys that you never expected, and in times of distress, this can make all the difference. 

    A New Repertoire

    by Jessica Furui

    We all have to start somewhere and what to do when we find ourselves in a funk? My solution: new music. It can be difficult to learn new songs, let alone find new songs that you enjoy singing and playing. With this in mind I shall offer you some tips on how to add new songs to your repertoire. Truth be told, my best friend J.Rose was first to forge some of these efficient and effective habits in our new found bluegrass world. I’ve adjusted and added things to work with my own learning style and hope you find it useful.

    Keep a song/lyric book.

    songs

    I used a large format sketchbook and hand-number each page. The first four or five pages are left blank that will become the table of contents showing each song and its page number. When I finish this book, I’ll type up the songs in an Excel sheet and print it out alphabetically for easy reference.  For each song, I find my favorite version(s) on YouTube or in my music collection and dictate the lyrics onto the page. Sure you can look up the lyrics on helpful websites like www.bluegrasslyrics.com, but dictation, either typed or written, greatly helps the way your brain remembers the song. If I get totally stumped I’ll look up the words, but this is the last resort!

    Don’t forget to make note of the phrasing. It adds a dynamic quality to songs and is essential for the delivery, just take a good hard listen to Carter Stanley or Jimmy Martin. I notate this by underlining the words or parts of words that the singer will hold or phrase differently than the rest of the song. Again, this is done by listening - sometimes starting and stopping the song over and over - to correctly notate the phrasing. 

    lyrics

    Next, you must learn the chords. After a few years in bluegrass it becomes easier to identify the chord structure without playing or even knowing the song. I found it good practice at the beginning of my bluegrass life to try and figure out the chord changes with my voice and guitar. Doing this gave me a deeper understanding of the song and its chords. It can be very frustrating to call a song in a jam that no one knows (it can happen!) and you don’t know how to explain the chords. Of course, it’s possible to incorrectly identify the chord(s), so once finished it’s important to play the song or use internet information to confirm, but your ear will be your friend. A quick suggestion, to make best use of time I recommend either learning the words to the song first, then learning the chords or melody on your instrument, or visa versa. If you attempt to learn everything at the same time, it will take longer to make both sound good. 
     
    In my songbook each page for a song will include the following: title, author, the version I like best, the key I have found to be most comfortable and the date the song was entered into the book. I love going back and discovering songs that were a little too big for me at the time or just reminding me of the ones that had been forgotten. After a lifetime of bluegrass, I wonder how many songs I’ll forget!

    Bring a small notebook to jams and camps.

    You can use it to write down song titles that you heard and want to “steal” from your friend. I always have a section that is riddled with cheeky one-liners and the names of the person who said them. It’s really fun to go back through after the weekend, it’s like a mini scrapbook. I’ll then add the new song titles into my songbook and make time to do the work and learn them. I prefer to use this method rather than “pulling out the phone” all the time to make a note. But to each their own!

    Keep rotating your music selection.

    First thing’s first….don’t expect to learn a song if you don’t listen to it! Each song has a heart-center that, when not connected to, can make the song lifeless, linear and without soul. Therefore, I highly recommend you make a playlist with all the new songs you are either working on or want to learn. I think a friend said that it takes your mind 21 days after listening to a song to really know it. Now, am I sure this is a proven fact? No, but it sounds good and makes some kind of sense. Phrasing is vital to the delivery of most bluegrass music and the subtleties of your favorite versions can be lost if you don’t really study it by listening. Understanding phrasing will also help you to cultivate your own style of singing.

    Practice.

    Someone once said that you shouldn’t play out what you need to practice and you need to practice what you play out. Seems simple enough. It’s really exciting to get new songs and it can be hard to keep your new gems hidden until they are really ready. A vocal mentor once said, “you’ve got to corral that horse before you can ride it,” but patience and practice will allow you to become comfortable with your choice and allow you to execute the delivery.
     
    Bluegrass to me is all about having the most amount of fun possible as much as possible. I’ve found that having a solid repertoire will increase the fun for everyone. My bluegrass resolution for the New Year is to practice more. Like, really practice…not just sing and play guitar on my back porch. I’d also like to go back and learn some more difficult songs that I’ve put on the back burner (hello, Nashville Blues). And maybe, just maybe, I can finally understand singing tenor. Just a few small, attainable goals, no big deal. Right (wink, wink).

    Wishing you a Happy New Year to you and yours.

    The Bluegrass Holiday Gift Guide

    by Michelle Haft

    Ahhh, its that time of the year again: chestnuts roasting on an open fire, pumpkin spiced lattes, Lifetime Christmas movies specials, and holiday bluegrass jams! Trust me, nothing breaks up family-gathering awkwardness like a good bluegrass sing-a-long. As a handsome lady and fellow bluegrass lover, I know this is also the best time to stock up on bluegrass gear and accessories you’ve been coveting all year, or show your love to another fellow bluegrasser with the perfect music-related gift. 

    There are so many great gift ideas out there—from the beautiful and handmade, to the clever, didn’t-realize-how-much-I-needed-it gift. So how do you pick the right gift that shows off your music savvy without falling into the realm of kitsch and impracticality? We’ve put together a list of Handsome favorites below, with an eye for style, quality, sass, and bluegrass authenticity. Whether you’re needing something to get you stage-ready for a 2017 full of gigs, or just getting your toes wet in the jamming scene, we’ve got ideas for you. Have a look below and hopefully find something you love, and wishing you all the very best of holidays and a happy New Year!

    (tip: click the photos for external links!)

    The Jam Queen

    Copperpeace Leather Instrument Straps - $98

    Handmade in Ballard, Seattle by a fellow lady-musician, Copperpeace straps are beautiful, durable and very functional. She makes her straps in a variety of styles, from Herringbone to sequins to handmade lace, and for both guitars and banjo. You can’t go wrong with these straps as a gift for yourself or a friend, and the cherry on top is their signature “Pick Pocket” built into the leather strap. 

    Snark Tuner - $30

    This is my absolute favorite tuner to use because the interface is so easy to read. While it is on the larger side, it also harder to lose or misplace at jams. It has a nice design, the battery is easy to replace when its running low and its very affordable.

     

    Blue Chip Picks - $35-40

    These are hands-down the best picks on the market. They feel great in your hand, silky smooth but still very grippy, have good volume, good control and a smooth tone. They’re quite durable too and stand the test of time. They make both flat picks as well as thumb picks for you banjo players.

    Peghead Nation String School Online Subscription - $20/month

     

    What better gift to give a bluegrasser than the gift of learning? Peghead Nation is a wonderful online course that has video lessons for nearly every instrument including guitar, mandolin, fiddle, banjo, dobro, and ukulele. It features many of our favorite Bay Area teachers and HL friends, including Bill Evans, Sharon Gilchrist, Evie Ladin and more. Online subscriptions start at $20/month for one course. 


    The Festival Miss

    Rock mount Ranch Wear Pearl Snap Shirt - $70–100

    Festivals are all about the jamming, but I’ll admit: its fun to look great while doing it. And what better way to do that than a with a pearl-snap or fringed western shirt? Rockmount Ranch Wear is a 3-generation business and purveyor of fine western-wear, all made in the USA. I love this quote coined by founder Jack A. Weil (1901 - 2008) who worked daily until age 107 years old:  ”The West is not a place, it is a state of mind.” I sure hope to be picking until age 107! They have a line of vintage-inspired western shirts which all have a beautiful and classic design and signature pearl-snap buttons. A few of my personal favorites are the "Cannabis Cowgirl,” the “Sugar Skull”, and the “Nashville Rose”.

     

    Bluegrass Koozie - $3

    Everyone needs a good koozie to keep their bevvies cold in the afternoon festival sun. Here are a few that feature bluegrass-related artwork, a perfect stocking stuffer.

    koozie

    Handsome Ladies koozie: available for purchase at any HL jam!

    Camping Lantern - $30-50

    Having good lighting is essential for late-night festival jamming. Camping lanterns are fairly inexpensive and come in so many convenient, collapsable styles that are easy to pack and very lightweight.


    The Stage Gal

    Music/Instrument Stand - $15-40

    I recently purchased an instrument stand myself and wow, I can’t tell you how much its changed my comfort on stage. I play with two banjos so having a double-instrument stand was crucial for me to be able to set one instrument down and have easy-access to the other in between songs. Stands help reduce the amount of on-stage shuffling which helps polish overall performance and keep nerves down. You can also use a music stand on stage where to place lyric sheets and accessories like tuners and picks when you’re not using them. Here is a great guide to finding the right on-stage instrument stand below, a link to the double-stand I bought (guitar stands can be used interchangeable for banjos), and a music stand that collapses into a carrying bag for portability.

    Ear Trumpet Labs Microphone - $600

    This one is expensive, but if you’re looking to splurge this is SO SO worth it as a band investment. Ear Trumpet Labs makes some of the most gorgeous, hand-made microphones that combine state-of-the-art sound quality with a beautiful, vintage design. Joseph and I recently got one ourselves, and we absolutely LOVE it. It’s great for ensuring a consistent sound quality on stage and has been so handy for recordings around the house or studio to use for band promotion. There mics come in a nice portable metal, padded box with a handle so its easy to carry around to gigs. 

    We got the Myrtle, which is best for small acoustic ensembles: 

    Lots to Learn

    by J. Rose

    As musicians, beginners or not, we all know that learning to play an instrument is a labor of love. Not only does it take hours of practice and dedication, but it takes infinitely more hours and dedication than we thought it would. Throughout the years, there have been plenty of discouraging studies to show the drawbacks of being an adult learner, but in more recent years, researchers have uncovered new truths about the adult mind and how it learns new things. It’s not that it’s too late for a person to learn, it’s just that we need to go about it differently than a child would. It’s a bit funny if you think about it. We adults need to relearn how to learn before we learn.

    Music-Practice-Misconceptions.jpg

    As adults, we are used to applying the same principles to an unknown set of skills that we have used our whole lives. We have developed processes rooted in our life experience. For instance, we have all had to learn the ins and outs of a new job or even find our way around the new interface on our smartphone, but these skills do not fall in the same category as learning a new instrument. As you might remember from high school psychology class, researchers have identified 3 main learning domains:

    Cognitive: mental skills (knowledge)

    Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (attitude or self)

    Psychomotor: manual or physical skills (skills)

    We can thank the Affective domain for the urge to play the instrument and the Cognitive domain for remembering the notes of the chords and where they are located on the fretboard, but it’s the Psychomotor domain that is tasked with learning the most important part of playing an instrument: Technique, precision, and speed. These skills (Psychomotor domain) can only be learned through practice and repetition. This is where the most obvious difference between children and adult learners is exposed. Because children are constantly faced with learning new physical skills that require hand/eye and hand/ear coordination, their Psychomotor domain is more active. As adults, our priorities shift and our lives tend to require more cognitive and affective tasks such as learning facts and figures and understanding our emotions. We spend the majority of our time gaining knowledge and mental skills. The good news? Our brains are like any muscle. The more we exercise the Psychomotor domain, the stronger it gets. In other words, while we can’t rush the process, it will eventually get faster.  

    We’ve all heard the expression “ten thousand hours.” Anders Ericsson, a cognitive therapist, coined this term during his research on psychological expertise and human performance. Ericsson defines two prerequisites when developing a skill; ten thousand hours and practice. There are three identified types of practice concerning Psychomotor learning.

    Deliberate

    Deliberate practice targets a student’s weaknesses. Ericsson credits “deliberate practice” over "number of hours." This entails focusing on a specific tune or lick and slowly working through each hand position or strum until you can play it slowly, but completely. This type of session should be fairly short and with full concentration. If you find that your mind is wandering, then put down the instrument and come back later. A wandering mind will result in mistakes and it’s better to take a break from practicing than to spend time practicing mistakes. “Quality, not quantity” should be your motto for this type of practice.

    Random

    Random practice is perhaps the most useful when it comes to developing our skills in any field. This is a type of hands-on practice that you experience in an environment where you are forced to make real-time decisions using the tools that you have on hand. Yep, you guessed it. Jamming is the best type of random practice you can get. Playing music with other people forces you out of your comfort zone and gives you the opportunity to apply your knowledge in order to answer any questions that might come up. “What chord is she playing?” “What key is this song in?” “Where can I play the new D-run that I was practicing yesterday?”

    Blocked

    Blocked practice defines a type of studying that I refer to as “cramming.” Perhaps you remember studying for an exam using flashcards or simply repeating the information back to yourself over and over again. As we all know, this type of practice is great for short term memorization, but how much of the information on those flashcards do you still remember? This type of practice will not pay off in the long run and should probably be left for your history final.

    Expert or not, it always helps to understand what’s going on behind the scenes when we are taking on a new task. Additionally, it’s a good idea to have a plan when efficiency is the goal. Take a minute to decide what things you need to work on in your next practice session. Try to employ Ericsson’s tips for Deliberate practice and then put yourself to the test and see if you can play your new lick or tune during Random practice. If you can’t find the time to make it to the local jam, you might try playing along with an original recording which will force you to play it up to speed as well as learn what areas you might need to work on. Mike Stahlman, a west coast banjo player, music teacher and flight instructor explains how jamming with other people will build your Psychomotor skills faster than anything else, “My observation over the many years of being around bluegrass music is that people who jam get better and people who don’t, don’t.” In other words, let's pick!

    jam

    “My observation over the many years of being around bluegrass music is that people who jam get better and people who don’t, don’t.” 

    Note: For further reading on this subject, check out Gary Marcus’ book, Guitar Zero, The Science of Becoming Musical at Any Age.

     

     

    Finding My Voice Through Bluegrass Singing

    By Lucy Ann

    For years I was scared to sing out loudly and clearly. And for years I was scared to speak at big parties or important work meetings or to make presentations in front of big audiences.

    By working on my bluegrass lead and harmony singing, I’ve strengthened my voice and become a better singer and a better public speaker.

    I’ve learned the hard way that fear can silence you. When I let my terror take over, my throat tightens, my jaw freezes, and my breathing gets shallow—all deadly conditions for trying to sing or speak with conviction, confidence, and clarity.

    I finally got tired of wanting to share, through my singing or speaking, an important message and being too terrified to do it. I had to get over myself, in a way, and realize that I would not die from being heard and that, in any case, the messages I wanted to share were worth taking that imagined risk.

    Bluegrass music is full of important messages and stories so worth the telling. Take the bluegrass classic, “Dream of a Miner’s Child,” for example. The child in that story is pleading with her father to stay home from the mine, to try to save his life from what she dreams will be a mining disaster. Her message is a matter of life and death.

    Take “Sweet Sunny South,” or “Little Cabin Home on the Hill,” or the numerous other bluegrass songs about home place. They tell of the deep longing and nostalgia for roots, and the sorrowful loss of a place that can never be as it was in memories. Take “Ashes of Love” and the countless other broken-heart tunes that share a theme common to all human experience, the theme of love gone bad or lost. All convey vital human stories.

    In my day job, I am the policy director at an innocence project. Our work of freeing innocent people from prison and improving the criminal justice system is also a matter of life and death. This very meaningful work drives me to get over my fears and to speak up about what is wrong and what needs to be fixed to make things right.

    Singing bluegrass has helped me speak up more clearly and effectively about these important themes. I was on two live television shows last year, talking about the work I do, and I did just fine. I got the information out there and survived. 

    I’m lucky to share a home with a gifted singer who has patiently encouraged me to sing strongly and loudly. I’ve learned that I can shift my attention off the fear and onto the vital message or story I’m trying to convey. I can pay attention to how I’m using my mouth, my sinuses, my vocal chords, my diaphragm and my breath to get the sound out. I picture images in my head that are based on the lyrics I am singing. I focus on feeling what I’m trying to convey rather than on feeling the fear. I aim to hit the high notes straight on without scooping my way up to them. And if I don’t make it right on pitch, I know I won’t die—despite my fears. All these approaches help me tell the story more effectively through song and help me get my message out through public speaking, too.

    Thanks to bluegrass, I am out there in the world sharing the stories I love and the messages I care about, with a strong, clear voice I never thought I’d have.

    Bluegrass Takes a Village

    Squinting out past the bright stage lights across the bar, I see a crowd of familiar faces smiling back at me — friends; fellow musicians; our entire community. It’s August 1st, 2016, and Joseph and I are playing a farewell show at Amnesia, a local San Francisco bar that hosts Bluegrass Mondays. In four days we would be leaving the bay area to move to Nashville.

    Redwood Ramblers Farewell Show at Amnesia, SF, August 2016

    Redwood Ramblers Farewell Show at Amnesia, SF, August 2016

    Joseph, my husband, and I play bluegrass and old-time music together in a duo called the Family Shipp (previously the Redwood Ramblers). Our musical journey began about six years ago when I came home one day to find a banjo in my living room — a birthday gift from Joseph. I still remember the feeling of the smooth lacquered wood in my hands, the strange, hypnotic ring when I strummed the metal strings. I nearly drove Joseph mad practicing each night, but I fell in love with Bluegrass all the same. Shortly after he learned to flat-pick on guitar, then bravely took up the fiddle. I eventually learned to play old-time frailing on the banjo.

    What started out as hobby for us blossomed into a lifestyle. We made friends in the music community and started jamming together. We began frequenting the bluegrass festivals and camps — Father’s Day Bluegrass Festival, Portland Old-Time Gathering, and Walker Creek Music Camp. I helped found the Handsome Ladies, a non-profit supporting women in bluegrass, with seven gals who I had met through the community. Eventually Joseph and I formed the band and started performing and playing out at local venues in the city and private events.

    The monthly Handsome Ladies jam at Amnesia, SF

    The monthly Handsome Ladies jam at Amnesia, SF

    In bluegrass, community is everything. I don’t just mean your fellow players but also friends and family. The former become your peers and mentors, the latter, your early fans and forgiving audiences. These are the people that help sustain your musical growth throughout the ups and downs with their support, friendship, motivation, resource-sharing and camaraderie.

    Father’s Day Bluegrass Festival, 2015

    Father’s Day Bluegrass Festival, 2015

    Bluegrass music is inherently social, its roots stemming from community dances and social gatherings. Unlike any other genre, most of the fans of this music are equally well-versed in the playing. At Father’s Day Bluegrass Festival, the most prominent northern California gathering, festival-goers come to partake in communal late-night jamming as much as they come for the polished stage acts. Camping in the tall pines of Grass Valley, CA, you can hear the fiddles howling and banjos rolling until sunrise.

    There’s little fame or fortune to be found in playing bluegrass. Most players are in it for the community and for the love of the music. Amateur musicians (and some professionals) often have days jobs that pay the bills, while the music provides passion and personal fulfillment. Through this devoted network of bluegrass music-lovers, players like Joseph and I are able to learn etiquette, build repertoire and get exposure to new techniques. Musicians you idolize became teachers and inevitably, friends. Friends become bandmates, singing partners and musical collaborators.

    People in the scene socialize frequently around the music, providing a wealth of opportunity for practice and bringing more fun into the playing. People teach each other the history behind songs, socialize new artists and highlight older, forgotten artists. These social events became a gauge for your playing progress and give much-needed motivation, especially during plateaus in growth when there’s temptation to give up.

    If you were traveling to a new country, you would probably read about the local culture and history, learn some of the language and visit their cafe’s and restaurants to meet locals. Learning bluegrass music is very much the same. If there’s only one piece of advice I could give to anyone who is just breaking into bluegrass it is to find and immerse yourself into the community. Seek out local jams, go to the live bluegrass shows and learn about the festivals and music camps. Introduce your family and friends to the music so they can better understand your enthusiasm and support you down the line.

    After nearly seven years in San Francisco and an epic musical journey, it was time for Joseph and I to leave. It wasn’t that we had outgrown the city but rather, the lifestyle we wanted was no longer feasible there. We were ready to settle down, buy a home, make a family and seek a new quality of life. Moving to a new city is hard, but by far the most difficult part of leaving is saying goodbye to the community we had spent years building and nurturing, one we love and cherish like family.

    Joseph and Michelle

    Joseph and Michelle

    But as a testament to the strength of these relationships, we are already being welcomed into the Nashville bluegrass scene through the connections of bay area friends. And even better, these new mutual friendships help us feel even more connected to our old friends.

    At our farewell show — the culmination of our time playing in San Francisco — the impact of seeing our entire community standing before us like this, cheering for us on this unexceptional Monday evening, was overwhelming. If it weren’t for this group of wonderful people, we would undoubtedly never have made it this far. And in this new chapter, wherever the music takes us, we will always have them to thank.

    Michelle Haft

     

    Coming to Bluegrass

    Each of us has a unique story for how we found our way to bluegrass music, the instruments that speak to us, what sub-genres we cling to, and where those paths will continue to take us. Some are in the infancy stages, while others have been around to bear witness to bluegrass history. My path is that of one with fresh green sprouting grass, but growing in knowledge, participation, and enthusiasm. I’d like to invite you to share your “coming to bluegrass” story, in the comments of this blog!

    I can trace my first bites of bluegrass back to three particular albums that I was heavily listening to nearly 6 years ago. I sure didn't know what was about to take hold of my life. (Click the album covers for a listen.)

    1. The Byrds
    Sweetheart of the Rodeo (1968)

    2. John Hartford
    Aereo-Plain
    (1971)

    3. Steve Earle and the Del McCoury Band
    the mountain
    (1999)

    These three albums stood out of all the other classic country and American that I was listening to at the time. For those familiar, can you see how those albums might stand out? Whether the album was light or heavy in doses of it, the banjo took hold of me.

    When you get a hankerin' for the banjo, you will soon become familiar with one man in particular: Banjo God-to-the-Gods, Earl Scruggs. With such charm, that smile, and a cool reserve picking the hell out of his axe, I was quick to be smitten with him and the five string. I wanted to absorb all that I could regarding the history and the sound, and I knew that I had to learn to play it, too.

    Earl Scruggs

    Earl Scruggs

    Since my early foray into bluegrass banjo, my tastes have grown but also stayed pretty limited in the grand scope of the bluegrass genre. I’m a traditionalist through and through, preferring Scruggs and Stanley style, paired with the traditional harmonizing style, over just about anything else. I flat out don’t have the time or the taste to venture into melodic style banjo or progressive bluegrass. My main focus is learning what I obsessively listen to.

    Today, any one of my heavily rotated playlists almost solely contains: Flatt & Scruggs, The Stanley Brothers/Ralph Stanley and the Clinch Mountain Boys, J.D. Crowe and the Bluegrass Album Band, Bill Monroe, Reno & Smiley, Jimmy Martin, and The Vern Williams Band. I don’t need much more than those handful of names for endless listening. Not to leave out some other noted favorites: Keith Whitley, Ricky Skaggs, Red Allen, Roscoe Holcomb, High Country - you get the picture.

    The sound that I first was drawn to has developed into the sound that keeps pushing me today. It’s the sound of traditional bluegrass that I am compulsively encompassed with - on the surface only to help me hear what I am driven to learn, but it truly goes deeper than that. I’m grateful to facilitate women playing bluegrass together to further their own journeys, I am grateful for the friends and bonds that I’ve created over this music of the people, and I’m grateful to tap into the knowledgeable wells of my friends with rich histories.

    That’s my “Coming to Bluegrass” story. 
    What’s yours?

    Yennie Dee Brecheisen
    (   )=====’==::

     

    Leading Local Ladies

    One of the best ways we can grow our amazing community of lady-musicians is to go out and support the women making great music right here in the bay. Here’s a survey of just a few of the amazing musicians who have released albums in the past few months who are keeping the traditional music scene relevant and exciting, and are also butt-kicking ladies. 

    The Vivants

    vivants

    Emily Bonn has been around the folk scene in the Bay Area for years, first tearing it down with the Whoreshoes before forming her own band The Vivants. Along with bandmates Jimmy Touzel, Clare Armenate and Kalei Yamanoha they are currently touring in support of their third album “Bluegrass Special” which features traditional covers along with stellar originals. 

    thevivants.com


    Thompsonia

    (photo credit Alan Senauke)

    (photo credit Alan Senauke)

    The only thing better then ladies shredding it on fiddle and bass, and harmonizing the heck out of original and traditional songs, is when those ladies are mother and daughter. Thomsonia is a family affair with husband-wife duo Eric and Suzy Thompson playing with daughter Allegra.

    Thompsoinia


    Evie Ladin Band

    Evie Ladin

    Evie Ladin’s a banjo player, singer, dancer and squaredance caller living in Oakland, with deep roots in oldtime music and dance. Along with her bandmates Keith Terry and Erik Pearson she recently released “Jump the Fire,” which is a mellow, soulful mix of traditionals and originals.

    evieladin.com


    Front Country

    front country

    Melody Walker is a powerhouse singer and songwriter, and along with Jacob Groopman, Adam Roszkiewicz, Leif Karlstrom and Jeremy Darrow has just released “Mixtape.” Featuring covers  ranging from women-in-bluegrass pioneers Good Ol’ Persons to indie contemporary tUnE-yArDs.

    Front Country


    Kathy Kallick Band

    Kathy Kallick Band

    A bluegrass legend, Kathy Kallick has been playing in bands, including the groundbreaking Good Ol’ Persons, since 1975. She has recently released “Foxhounds” with bandmates Annie Staninec, Cary Black, Greg Booth, and Tom Bekeny.

    kathykallick.com

     

    Stage Fright: It Gets Better (for the most part)

     Ramblings by: Georgia McQueery

    Sweaty palms. Dry mouth, tight throat. Damn those shaky hands. Flutter of the heart. Loss of appetite. Nervous twitch. Stuttering. These are not the symptoms of falling in love. No, these are the signs, among others, of stage fright. For someone who grew up in theater, circus camp (yes, I just said that. I’m a juggler, OK!), student government, someone who has made a habit of putting themselves out there and in the spotlight, realizing that I get gripped with stage fright was and still is a surprise to me. I would have thought I could parlay that inner confidence easily into playing an instrument and singing. Whether or not it is just with friends or in a jam setting, or more recently as a performance dealing with these symptoms has been no easy task.

    I – well actually it was my best friend, was able to finally recognize that I had stage fright several months ago. We realized that these symptoms came about not because I would be seeing my schoolgirl crush that night. No, it was because I was nervous to play in the jam. Nervous that my voice wouldn't make pitch, nervous I would have to play songs that I didn’t know, mess up the chords. There are so many things that my brain was creating and thus creating more of these unwelcome feelings, perpetuating the whole ball of wax. And what a ball I have become.

    I remember when I first started playing bluegrass, just a short four glorious years or so ago. All my natural inclinations to be in the spotlight came into play and I readily pulled at said friend’s shoestrings like a little kid… “when are we going to play out?!? Hmm? Huh?” My inhibitions and fearlessness preceded my humility, but there’s something to say about fearlessness, right? I kept telling myself this. Over time friend's reluctance (let's call it “dose of reality”) quelled my inhibitions into a realistic approach to what I had gotten myself into: becoming an adult beginner musician.

    Cue the dramatic piano... du du du duuuuuuu...

    The reality soon set it, the girl who had been good at nearly anything and everything as a kid and young adult now had to face the prospect of being a beginner again. I couldn't just simply be a singer and player? I had to practice, put the time in, and reap the benefits however far away they may be. But as you can imagine, the more practice time I put in, the “better” (relatively speaking) I got and it seemed the less the symptoms came out.

    Practice for vocals? Step one for me was to get a lesson. Unbeknownst to me those years of karaoke DID NOT serve me well. I had someone assess my range and look for the challenges. I was given a series of vocal warm-ups that I would do occasionally. I could honestly hear and feel the difference in my vocal quality in a relatively short period of time. Along with that came more confidence on my part. I still somehow have been unable to shake that fearless [read: cheeseball class-clown] in me, so I’ve still gotten into trouble here and there.

    In regards to vocals, I found that just because you like a song, doesn’t mean that a) it's easy to sing; b) it works with your range; and, c) you should sing it at all. Answering these questions have also given me the ability to sing songs that I know I can sing strongly. That doesn’t necessarily mean you need to give up on songs. I’ve got a large sketchbook that I use for my song book. I dictate all the songs I learn in it, write the chords, phrasing, etc. It's like I have my own little language to understand what's going on. Anyway, sometimes I’ll look back into early parts of the book and reminded of a song that I had reluctantly given up on for whatever reason. It's nice to try it again and sometimes I’m happily surprised. Sometimes were not ready for a song. Sometimes, the song comes to us just when we need it to (which could be a whole other blog post).

    Other practice techniques I’ve used would be to record myself singing a particular song. Am I singing the melody? Am I sharp or flat in places? It’s a great way to objectively hear yourself and be able to analyze it clearly. Which ultimately will give you more confidence to sing it better next time. Goodness knows in those late-night, bourbon-fueled heated jams anything can sound good to us. It’s at those times we must coil back into humility and remember that there is always work to be done!

    Anyway, I digress. 

    The short of it all is that the feelings of stage fright do get better, or lessen over time. Maybe not always go away, at least for me, but are not as quite apparent. I guess practice is your friend, that’s the moral of this here story. The more we practice, or shine the light on our inadequacy, the easier it is for us to see areas for growth. If we all walk around like we have nothing to learn, the world would be a dreadfully boring place.  On the flip side, I’ve learned to respect my stage fright. It's feelings like these that remind me that I am vulnerable, I’m human. So many times our ego can take control so much so that when we do have feelings like this, they can be interpreted (by the ego) as a weakness. And I don’t think that’s it. Vulnerability keeps us ready for growth, challenges us and keeps us human, we're not some fancy robot.

    Need to find a Bluegrass Festival?

    We're lucky to have so many quality festivals here, west of the Mississippi. Here is a compiled list of festivals in nearby states. *Handsome Ladies favorites.

    California:

    Blythe Bluegrass Festival  
    Mid-January
    Blythe, California

    Brookdale Bluegrass Spring Fling
    Mid-March
    Pescadero, California

    *Parkfield Bluegrass Festival
    Early May
    Parkfield, CA

    Huck Finn Jubilee
    Mid-June
    Ontario, California

    *CBA's Father's Day Bluegrass Festival
    Mid-June
    Grass Valley, California

    Summergrass Bluegrass Music Festival
    Mid-August
    San Diego, California

    Berkeley Old-Time Music Convention
    Late Sept
    Berkeley, California

    *Good Old Fashioned Bluegrass Festival
    Early August
    Tres Pinos, California

    Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Music Festival
    Early October
    San Francisco, CA

    Other famous Nationwide festivals:

    Telluride Bluegrass
    Mid-July
    Telluride, CO

    MerleFest
    Late April
    Wilkesboro, North Carolina

    Bill Monroe Memorial Bean Blossom Bluegrass Festival
    Mid-June
    Morgantown, Indiana

     

    Oregon:

    Wheeler County Bluegrass Festival
    Early July
    Fossil, Oregon

    Northwest String Summit
    Mid-July
    North Plains, Oregon

    Music in the Mountains  
    Late September
    Prospect, Oregon

    High & Dry Bluegrass Festival
    Mid-August
    Bend, Oregon

    Nevada:

    Americana Music Festival
    July
    Virginia City, Nevada

    Washington:

    WinterGrass Bluegrass Music Festival
    Late Feb
    Bellevue, Washington

    Wenatchee Bluegrass Festival
    Mid-June
    Cashmere, Washington

    Winlock Pickers' Festival
    Early July
    Winlock, Washington 

    Columbia Gorge Bluegrass Festival
    Late July
    Stevenson, Washington

    Blue Waters Bluegrass Festival   
    Mid-August
    Medical Lake, Washington

    Rainier Bluegrass Festival
    Late August
    Rainier, WA


     

    J. Rose and The Product Reviews: Instrument Straps

    Sometimes, it’s just a matter of luck when you’re in search of a worthy product. Other times, it takes a ton of trial and error which usually costs us unnecessary time and money. Let’s face it; the market is saturated with after thoughts, leftovers and disposable products that make it hard to sift through the muck and find the quality that we are seeking. Repeat after me: “Don’t settle". After so many bad experiences, it’s easy to surrender your standards and settle for something that is almost what you want. It’s like a romantic comedy. Don’t give up ladies! Your guitar strap is out there somewhere, you just need to find it. The importance of good guitar strap can sometimes be lost in the shuffle. What makes a guitar strap good? When choosing a product, it’s important to prioritize your needs in order of importance. 

    Function first.

    Does the product do what it is made to do? While this may seem simple, it’s amazing how many products sacrifice function in order to achieve other design goals. 

    Design second.

    Does the product look good in your world? This is the fun part. Finding a guitar strap that somehow helps you to express yourself as a musician, but also as a woman is incredibly important. We need pattern, texture, and style choices to aid in our ensemble.

    Price third. 

    Is the price right for you? This is a hard one to keep at the bottom of your list, but in my experience, it is best to find the middle ground when considering dollar signs. Keep in mind that this goes both ways. Of course, we all want a sale price, but at what cost? Be careful not to trade function for a discount. You’re not shopping for a sale, you’re shopping for a specific item. That being said, remember to be a smart consumer. If it happens that you find everything you’ve ever wanted, but the price is way more than you can afford, then there’s only one option: Sleep on it. If you can’t stop thinking about it, then chances are it will be worth every penny.  

    HandmadeStraps

    Brand / Function / Design / Price

    COUCH    
    The vinyl that is used on the retro style is too slippery. My guitar was sliding around like a fish out of water. // Creative designs with fun patterns and lots of retro fabric choices (even if they are all too slick to keep your instrument in place) // $34-$54

    Handmade Straps        
    Total function and seriously comfortable! // Most straps are made to order with options to add a pick pouch. // Lots of different pattern, color and width choices. Also, they’re handmade in Nashville, TN. // $45-$76

    COPPERPEACE        
    Functional and unique! // The sequined banjo strap is all the rage amongst The Handsome Ladies! // Check it out here // $98 (free shipping)

    Bluegrass and Emotions

    By Lucy Salcido Carter

    One of the reasons I love bluegrass music is because the best bluegrass songs tell real stories and express real emotions. You don’t have to have experienced exactly what the song describes to be able to inhabit the song as the singer and player and to feel the emotions as the listener. You just have to have a way to get into the overall feeling of the song.

    Some bluegrass musicians focus primarily on taking instrumental breaks; I focus on vocals, lyric, melody, and rhythm. Bluegrass really requires all of the above, of course. But, although I know that good instrumental breaks can hold intense emotion, for me the emotions sit in the lyrics and vocals.

    When I am looking for material to lead in jams, I choose songs that I can relate to emotionally. I choose songs with stories and melodies that conjure feelings I can express when I sing them. 

     
    Hazel Dickens, 1971

    Hazel Dickens, 1971

    If I’m feeling blue and nostalgic for home, I choose Hazel Dickens’ “West Virginia, My Home.” If I am feeling like life is hard and full of struggle, I’ll sing “I’m Troubled, I’m Troubled.” If I’m remembering a time when my heart was broken, I’ll pull out Clyde Pitts’ and Billy Deaton’s “Sad Situation,” or if I’m feeling sad, but a little self-righteous, about a love lost, I’ll sing “I’ll Stay Around.” Or if I’m noticing how hard and comprising work life can be for family life, I’ll go for “Dream of a Miner’s Child.” 

    Placing my emotions into these songs as I sing and play helps me feel better and helps me sing and play with more depth and conviction. Have you noticed how raw Hazel Dickens sounds when she sings? She isn’t affecting feelings; she’s feeling feelings as she sings. With some bluegrass musicians, male or female, I can’t feel the raw emotions as they sing and play. The bluegrass style is there, but the depth of emotion doesn’t seem to be there. For me, the best singers have raw emotion coming through. 

    "I’ve found that bringing out the guitar and starting to sing sad songs can turn an emotionally tense situation into a calm, happy one."

    I’ve also found that when I put real feelings into my singing and playing, I give listeners a place to put their feelings too. I bring a really human element to already very downhome music. In fact I’ve found that bringing out the guitar and starting to sing sad songs can turn an emotionally tense situation into a calm, happy one—as if the sad songs absorb the bad feelings in the room and make things right again.

    For example, last Thanksgiving my partner and I went to visit my parents. My mother is 77 years old and was responsible for most of a Thanksgiving dinner for 18 people: the turkey, the stuffing, the gravy, the twice-baked potatoes, the creamed pearl onions, and the peas. If that wasn’t enough of a challenge by itself, my mother did not grow up celebrating Thanksgiving. She grew up in Mexico and so never learned how to fix Thanksgiving meals. Over the years, she has learned American Thanksgiving traditions and tries very hard, as many immigrant parents do, to give her family and guests a perfect American holiday experience. Needless to say, things are tense in the kitchen every year on Thanksgiving as she works to get it right. Last year, we offered to help prepare the food with her, but our presence in the kitchen only made her more nervous. 

    Finally, I suggested to my partner that we get out our guitars, sit in the sunroom off the kitchen (but not in the kitchen!), and sing and play for my mother. Almost immediately my mother’s mood began to change; she became happy hearing the music. She kept saying, “Oh, that’s so sad. Sing another sad one!” My father, who has learned over the years to keep his distance from the kitchen, came closer and hovered by the doorway, listening but not making his presence too obvious. 

    We played only sad songs for about an hour and a half. Little by little and song by song, we felt the tension in the house lift. My mother became happy and relaxed and was happy and relaxed for the rest of the day. And her dinner was a resounding success. I can only chalk those results up to the fact that we gave her a place to put those hard, tense feelings she was experiencing. And off they came.

    So next time you are at a party or home with family and things don’t feel quite right, pull out your instrument and sing with feeling and conviction those sad and lonesome bluegrass songs, and watch the mood get brighter. You’ll be warming up the room with beautiful bluegrass sounds, and you’ll be creating a place for people to put their feelings and to feel better. 


    A Songwriter’s Guide to The Language of Bluegrass


    Ralph Stanley, Jim Williams, Art Stamper, and Carter Stanley

    Ralph Stanley, Jim Williams, Art Stamper, and Carter Stanley


    “White dove will mourn in sorrow The willows will hang their heads  I’ll live my life in sorrow Since mother and daddy are dead”

     

    When I listen to great Bluegrass songs like the Stanley Brothers’, “White Dove,” above, what captures me most is the simplicity of the language. Without flourish or fluff, great Bluegrassers can convey the most powerful, universal emotions and experiences with the most basic turns of phrase and the greatest restraint. It is only in Bluegrass music that you find such a unique blend of great artistry that is equally matched by its accessibility.

    As a new bluegrass musician, I often feel the urge to create original songs myself. I’ve tried, and its hard, much harder than you would think. As a 21st century human living in a big city, how can I possibly match the simple and rich history that exists in so many bluegrass staples, honed by years of struggle, heartbreak and rural living? It’s not impossible, but it starts first with a study of the language of bluegrass.

    First remember that Bluegrass songs usually tell a story, and great stories have some basic components that make them successful. Here I will cover categories like time, place, character and emotion with a few simple rules and examples within each to help guide new bluegrass songwriters. Let’s begin with time..

    Time

    When it comes to setting the time or period in history of a song, the best bluegrass songs have a lack of it. The most universal songs could be set anywhere in time, whether the 1960’s or the 1660’s. Like many a train song, murder ballad, chicken song or a gospel tune, your’s should feel just as timeless and relatable to the modern day, even in another 100 years from now.

    That said, times of the day are fair game! For example, phrases like “from midnight on” or a reference to the “pale moonlight” help set your story within a particular time of the day. Since the moon will alway rise at dusk and the clock will alway strike midnight, day and in and day out, setting your song in a particular time of the day is totally acceptable in bluegrass and won’t detract from the universal quality of your song.

    One last example I’ll point out is the phrase “sweet by and by.” This is a common phrase used in many bluegrass songs which translates to “the future.” Referencing time in broad generalities is also very acceptable in bluegrass. A few other examples: “born in the mountain 50 years ago,” “in the sweet by and by, we shall meet” and “I have seen trouble all my days.”

    Let’s move on to a new category: place.

    Place

    The setting of your story is one of the most important components of a song. Remember that bluegrass songs typically are about the poor and downtrodden so you want to choose your place wisely. While you could set your story in a mansion in Bel Air, or the SOMA district of San Francisco, its best to steer clear of language that places your song in a very specific geographic location that doesn’t match typical Bluegrass subject-matter. It will make your song less accessible and quickly become outdated.

    Instead, try placing your song in a more natural setting: on a hill, in a log cabin, down the road, under a tree. A few examples: “Cabin in Caroline,” “Little Old Log Cabin In The Lane,” “Under the Weeping Willow” and “Down The Road.” Referencing larger geographic regions by name, like states, counties or specific natural landmarks, is a common convention in bluegrass and also acceptable: “ Blue Ridge Mountain Blues,” “Banks of the Ohio,” “Kentucky Waltz.” These are the kinds of places you typically see in bluegrass songs, and ones that will remain constant in past, present and future.

    Like any good story, you really want to set the scene for yours. To do this, you can reference animals or plants in the environment around your song’s setting: “In The Pines”“Rabbit In A Log” or “Footprints In The Snow”. Bluegrass musician Jessica Applegate has a great blog post all about the use of birds and specifically the whippoorwill in bluegrass music.

    With any great story, the more you can put your listener into the scene with natural details, the more successful your song will be. Next, we move onto character.

    Character

    Whether your song is in first person or third, when it comes to bluegrass you need to make sure you know your characters: are you telling a story of a drunkard or a jealous wife? A hunter or a coal-miner? An angry father or a daughter-in-love

    You’ll want to use details that help establish the personality or situation of your character. For example, the drunkard likes to “pass around the bottle” or“eat when i’m hungry, and drink when i’m dry.” The poor boy has “holes in his shoes” or works for “a dollar and a dime a day.” The rounder or criminal “had no money for to go my bail.” The lonely mother has “faded cheeks and hair”and “rocks the cradle and cries.” You can try using color to better visualize your characters: “her lily white hands,” ”sparklin’ blue eyes” or “ruby red lips.”

    Bluegrass songs always have very colorful and archetypal characters. Remember to utilize language and descriptions to help bring your song’s characters to life and make them more memorable and relatable.

    Emotion

    The final and, I believe, most important category for bluegrass songwriting is emotion. Every bluegrass song must absolutely capture a feeling that is universal to the human experience: heartbreak, loss, longing, guilt, sadness, love, or faith, to name a few. To write a bluegrass song without one of these emotions is simply not bluegrass. Let’s look at a few examples.

    Sadness in is often referred to as the “blues” in bluegrass. There are all sorts of blues found throughout the music: “Lonesome Road Blues,” “Coal Miner Blues,” “Worried Man Blues,” or “Bear Creek Blues.”

    Heartache is also a common theme in bluegrass songs. Whether you’re singing about the “Ashes of Love” or how “All The Good Times Are Past And Gone,” you’ll want to use simple language to help convey the depths of your sadness. A few examples: “The lonesome sound of a train going by, makes me want to stop and cry,” “there ain’t nobody gonna miss me when I’m gone,” and“I loved you long with a faithful heart, but never any more can I believe you.”

    The last example I’ll touch on is faith. Much of the bluegrass tradition is steeped in religion, and many songs touch on faith as a solace to the hardships experienced in everyday life. For example “some bright morning when this life is over, I’ll fly away, to a land on God’s celestial shore” or “may they sleep forevermore, where a white cross stands to mark the soldiers grave”or “oh bear my longing heart to Him who bled and died for me.” No matter what faith you subscribe to or lack thereof, don’t shy away from bringing in elements of religion to capture the faith of bluegrass in your song.

    I’ll end with a verse from one of my favorite gospel songs: “Farther Along.” Like many other bluegrass songs, the message is so powerful and universal. It’s songs like these, rich in history and depth yet so very simple, that have made me fall in love with this music. I hope others can appreciate it too, and help carry the tradition onward through their own original songs:

    “Farther along we’ll know all about it  Farther along we’ll understand why  Cheer up my brother live in the sunshine We’ll understand it all by and by”

    Bill Monroe, The Father of Bluegrass, advertises his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry in 1940, Poster by Hatch Show Print

    Bill Monroe, The Father of Bluegrass, advertises his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry in 1940, Poster by Hatch Show Print


    Song References:

    “White Dove” by Stanley Brothers
    “All Night Long Blues” by Burnett and Rutherford (or “Richmond Blues”)
    “I’m Blue, I’m Lonesome” by Bill Monroe
    “I’ve Endured” by Ola Belle Reed
    “The Sweet By-and-By” lyrics by S. Fillmore Bennett and music by Joseph P. Webster
    “Man of Constant Sorrow” by Dick Burnett
    “Cabin in Caroline” by Flatt and Scruggs
    “Little Old Log Cabin In The Lane” by Bill Monroe
    “Bury Me Under The Weeping Willow” by The Carter Family
    “Down The Road” by Flatt and Scruggs
    “Blue Ridge Mountain Blues” by M. Christian
    “Banks Of The Ohio” by Bill Monroe
    “Kentucky Waltz” by Bill Monroe
    “In The Pines” by Hoyt Bryant Jimmie Davis, Clayton McMichel
    “Rabbit In A Log” by The Stanley Brothers
    “Footprints In The Snow” by Bill Monroe
    “Pass Around the Bottle” by The Skillet Lickers
    “Rye Whisky” by Tex Ritter
    “Mule Skinner Blues” by Jimmie Rodgers and George Vaughan
    “Roll In My Sweet Baby’s Arms” by Flatt and Scruggs
    “The Wandering Boy” by The Carter Family
    “Single Girl” by The Carter Family
    “Lonesome Road Blues” by Bill Monroe
    “Coal Miner’s Blues” by The Carter Family
    “Worried Man Blues” by The Carter Family
    “Bear Creek Blues” by The Carter Family
    “Ashes of Love” by Johnnie Wright, Jim Anglin and Jack Anglin
    “All The Good Times Are Past And Gone” by Bill Monroe
    “I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry” by Hank Williams
    “Ain’t Nobody Gonna Miss Me” by McAuclife and Taylor
    “Adieu, False Heart” by Arthur Smith Trio
    “I’ll Fly Away” by Albert E Brumley
    “A White Cross Marks the Grave” by Don McHan
    “Angel Band” by The Stanley Brothers
    “Farther Along” by by Rev. W. A. Fletcher